Skye’s Jurassic Marvels: Dinosaur Footprints Tell a Prehistoric Tale
The pursuit of prehistoric footprints in Skye is an excciting adventure. Over 170 million years ago, during the Middle Jurassic period, this emerald isle basked under a different sun. Lush vegetation carpeted the land, and across these primeval plains, dinosaurs thundered. Their colossal forms left their mark on the soft mudflats, now hardened into rock, waiting to be deciphered.
Dinosaur fossils from the Middle Jurassic period are rare globally, but in the Isle of Skye they are abundant and come in the form of footprints and body fossils (such as teeth). Finding fossils from the Jurassic period is important because it fills the gap in our understanding of dinosaurs’ early evolution.
Lost Giants of The Jurassic Period
Imagine stepping back 170 million years to the bustling Jurassic landscape. Lush ferns unfurl under a warm sun, and across the prehistoric plains, a diverse cast of creatures scurries, grazes, and thunders. This is the Middle Jurassic, a pivotal chapter in the dinosaur story, and the Isle of Skye holds its whispers in the form of fossilized footprints.
While dinosaur fossils from this period are indeed rare, their very existence paints a fascinating picture. Around 174 – 164 million years ago, dinosaurs weren’t the monolithic giants we often envision. They were in the midst of a rapid diversification, branching out into the unique lineages that would eventually dominate the Late Jurassic and Cretaceous.
Skye’s Fossil Treasure Trove: Unveiling the Secrets of the Middle Jurassic Period
Skye’s unique geology evidences a thriving terrestrial and Marine ecosystem. In the Middle Jurassic, Skye was a subtropical coastal margin, a lagoon full of marine life.
The Inner Hebrides features one of the most complete sequences of Middle Jurassic sedimentary rocks in the world, a series of formations, known collectively as the Great Estuarine Group. There are outcrops on the islands of Skye, Raasay, Eigg, Muck, and Mull and on the Ardnamurchan peninsula. It comprises a series of shales, clays, and sandstones of non-marine origin. The best exposure is the largest island, Skye.
Imagine yourself stepping onto the Isle of Skye, not just traversing a scenic landscape, but venturing into a geological wonderland. Here, the Great Estuarine Group, a magnificent ensemble of rock formations, unfolds its secrets. Spanning Skye and its island neighbors, this group boasts one of the most comprehensive Middle Jurassic sedimentary records on Earth. Dive into the whisperings of ancient mudflats and rivers preserved in layers of shales, clays, and sandstones. Each formation, a silent chapter in a story devoid of marine influence, awaits exploration. And on Skye, with its breathtaking exposures, the Great Estuarine Group truly comes alive, offering a glimpse into a world millions of years old.
From Footprints to Giants: A Treasury of Skye’s Dinosaur Past
Dinosaur Footprints: Skye is renowned for its exceptional collection of dinosaur footprints, particularly from the Middle Jurassic period (around 170-160 million years ago). These fossilized impressions reveal a diverse range of dinosaurs, from the nimble two-legged ornithopods to the colossal sauropods with necks longer than six giraffes stacked on top of each other! Notable sites include An Corran Beach, where you can find small, three-toed prints left by early herbivores, and Score Bay, boasting the imposing footprints of long-necked giants like the Baryonyx.
But by far the most common dinosaur fossils are tracks. The presence of stegosaurs, sauropods, theropods, and thyreophorans was discovered through footprints at Rubha nam Brathairean (Brothers Point) and the varying sizes of the prints hint at family groups.
In 2020 new dinosaur tracks were found at Brothers Point, where a stegosaur print that was hitherto unknown from Skye and which also represents the other oldest fossil records of this major dinosaur group from anywhere in the world.
Jurassic Skeletons: While footprints are more common, Skye has also yielded some impressive skeletal remains. The Staffin Dinosaur Museum houses the partial femur of a Coelophysis, a small carnivorous dinosaur, discovered in a stream near Heaste. Additionally, a nearly complete tibia belonging to a Ceratosaurus, a horned theropod, was unearthed near the museum itself. These bones offer valuable insights into the anatomy and diversity of dinosaurs that once called Skye home.
Marine Fossils: Skye’s Jurassic past wasn’t solely about dinosaurs. Fossil remains of various marine creatures paint a picture of a thriving underwater ecosystem. Ammonites, shelled cephalopods that dominated the Jurassic seas, are commonly found in the island’s rocks. Belemnites, squid-like mollusks, and ichthyosaurs, marine reptiles resembling dolphins, are also part of the fossil record. These creatures tell us about the paleogeography of the region and the rich marine life that coexisted with dinosaurs.
Early Lizards & Mammals: Stepping back even further in time, Skye offers clues to the early evolution of other land animals. The fossil skeleton of Bellairsia gracilis, a tiny lizard dating back 166 million years, is one of the most complete specimens of its kind in the world. This discovery sheds light on the ancestral forms of modern lizards and their relationship with dinosaurs. Additionally, Skye has yielded jaw fragments of the oldest known mammals in Scotland, indicating the presence of these tiny ancestors alongside the giants of the Jurassic.
Skye’s Soaring Giant: Unveiling the Most Complete Pterosaur Fossil
Imagine waking up at Chasing The Moon cottage and finding a Jurassic dragon in your backyard (well, on the beach below). That’s exactly what happened in 2021 when the largest, most complete pterosaur of its kind ever seen emerged from the waves. Tooth enamel, wingspan – the whole prehistoric shebang! This winged wonder rewrites the story of Jurassic skies, one featherless feather at a time.
The fossil is now on exhibition at the Natural History Museum in London, but you will find a replica on display at the Dinosaur Museum in Staffin, Isle of Skye, which proudly boasts some of the most remarkable collections of dinosaur fossils in the world.
The Staffin Internationally Acclaimed Dinosaur Museum was established by Dugald Ross in 1976 when he was only a teenager. The species he identified in the area include Stegosaurus, Megalosaurus, Cetiosaurus, Hadrosaurus, and Ceolophysis. You’ll get a first-hand account of the discovery from Dugald in the museum.
Staffin is a 6-minute drive (4km) from Chasing The Moon holiday cottage. Rubha nam Braitherean (Brothers Point) where many of the recent tracks have been discovered is a short walk from the front door, making it an ideal location for a family holiday to explore Skye’s dinosaurs.
From First Footprint to Fossil Frenzy: Skye’s Dinosaur Trails Unearthed
In 1980 the first Scottish Dinosaur fossil reported was a single isolated footprint, which had fallen from the cliffs at Rubha nam Brathairean (Brothers’ Point). Since then, several other tracks have been located across the island, the most famous being at Staffin and Duntulm.
Known now as the Dinosaur capital of Scotland, the rich Middle Jurassic fossil fauna of Skye is gradually being revealed with new discoveries continuing to be made. These include some of the first fossil evidence of dinosaur parenting. Housed at Staffin Museum, a rock slab shows the footprints of baby dinosaurs, together with the print of an adult.
Skye’s Jurassic Giants: Fossils that Captivate the World (New Article!)
These are just a few examples of the fascinating fossil evidence found on the Isle of Skye. Each discovery unveils a piece of the island’s prehistoric past, allowing us to reconstruct the ecosystems, creatures, and environments that existed millions of years ago. So, next time you explore Skye, remember that you’re walking on a land steeped in deep time, where the whispers of the past are etched in stone.